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10 Essentials for the Outdoor Photographer

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography

In the world of hiking, camping and backpacking, there are the “10 Essentials.” It’s a universal list of 10 things you should always have with you when setting out to explore the wilderness. It includes things like a first aid kit, water, food, a map, sunscreen, matches, etc.

If you plan on heading into nature to take some pictures, you should keep the 10 essentials in mind — even if it’s just a short local trip. Things can turn bad in an instant and many people who die or nearly die in the wild were no more than a few miles from the nearest help.

But in addition to the 10 essentials, I thought I’d share with you my list of “10 Camera Bag Essentials” for the outdoor photographer. These are items gleaned from 11 years of shooting that I’ve found to be invaluable for outdoor photography. Some items will stay in your bag all the time while others you can throw in at the last minute.

So in no particular order, here they are...

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography - Lens PenLens Pen

Whoever invented this thing is a genius. A lens pen is a $7 item that’ll last you years and will come in handy more times than you can count. It’s shaped like a thick pen (wouldn’t you know it) and consists of a retractable brush on one end with a soft chamois pad on the other. The brush is great for sweeping dust off your lenses and filters while the chamois pad will buff out finger prints and smudges. With a handy clip built in, this thing slides nicely into a shirt pocket so it’s always at the ready.

Lens Cloths (lots and lots of lens cloths)

Put a lens cloth in every main compartment of your bag, inside and out. It seems every time you really need a lens cloth, the colors in the sky are at their peak and you only have about 90 seconds before the moment is gone forever. You don’t want to be fumbling around trying to find that one pocket where you keep your lens cloth, so just stash one in every single compartment you can, then you’ll always find one no matter what pocket you check first. And if you have some extra cleaning cloths from your sunglasses, just throw those in — they are the same ones you buy at a camera store.

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography - Multi-ToolMulti-Tool

Two words: 127 Hours. If you saw that movie, you know what I’m talking about.

...alright that’s not the real reason you should have a good multi-tool in your bag. You should invest in a decent multi-tool with pliers and screwdrivers because they are an endlessly valuable tool to have at hand when dealing with mechanical equipment like cameras and tripods. They can be used for everything from fixing a loose tripod screw to extracting a fishbone lodged in your brother’s throat (which is something mine has been used for). Also, throw any allen wrenches into your bag that may have come with your tripod.


You could also pack a small towel in your bag, but I like handkerchiefs because they fold up small, they’re lightweight and they can be used for a multitude of tasks. If your camera gets drenched from a rogue wave, it’ll mop up the seawater. If you find yourself in a light rain, you can drape it over your camera for some basic shielding. Or if it’s just too damn hot out, you can soak it in a creek and wrap it around your neck for some good relief.

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography - Flashlight and HeadlampFlashlight/Headlamp

I’d recommend bringing both a headlamp and a flashlight. An LED headlamp is great for keeping your hands free while you work in the dark. A flashlight with better reach than your headlamp is good for the walk/hike back to the car. I use a Petzl headlamp and an LED Mini Maglite flashlight myself, but there are tons of great brands out there.

Warm Clothes

Weather can change in an instant, especially once the sun drops, so I rarely leave for a photo shoot without a jacket in my bag — even in the summer. In fact, I leave gloves in my camera bag at all times. Gloves are the kind of thing that hardly ever come in handy, but when they do, they really come in handy...uh, no pun intended. But get some gloves with a good grippy palm so you can still handle your camera.

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography - CompassCompass

Aside from the obvious “find your way out of the wilderness” implications, a compass is a great tool to have in your bag so you can better predict a sunset or sunrise. It’s easy to get turned around as to which way is west when you’re in a new location, especially in the middle of the day. A compass will aid you in figuring out where to be for when the sunset or sunrise rolls around.

Smart Phone

With thousands of comprehensive apps out there, a smart phone is a smart item (haha - I kill me...) to keep with you on a shoot. I have apps for checking the tides, the sunset and sunrise times, the moon phases, moonrise times and more. Also, you can take notes about what filters you used, what your thought process was or any little tidbits you want to remember when reviewing the pictures later. But don’t rely on your smart phone for something more important than just tide information or sunset times. Don’t count on it for a compass or GPS because your smart phone has batteries, and batteries die.


Many places you’ll want to shoot require a parking or entrance fee that must be in cash. Of course, when you show up, that’s the one time you forgot to get cash. So, you may want to just leave $20 in your camera bag at all times. Break it up into some ones and fives, too, so you can cover those $3 honor system parking fee drop boxes.

10 Camera Bag Essentials for Outdoor Photography - BatteriesBatteries

Yeah. This is a no-brainer. But it’s so important that I’m pointing it out anyway. Make sure your camera batteries have a charge before you go out and bring some extras if there’s any risk they’ll die before you can get back to a wall outlet. But make sure to bring batteries for any other powered devices you might have with you. That includes batteries for your flashlight, headlamp and GPS unit.

So there you have some good “10 Essentials” type basics to think about when packing your camera bag. I keep these in mind even if I’m just hitting a local beach that’s no more than 3 minutes from civilization.

I also tend to bring water with me no matter how long I plan on being out. You’re usually out longer than you intended and you’ll burn a few more calories than you thought you would. Nothing sucks more than leaving a good sunset early because you just couldn’t take the thirst anymore. Same goes for a snack. Throw some trail mix in your bag and never miss the good light because you were starving.

Photo Books: Blurb vs. Adorama

I decided recently that it was high time I put together a physical portfolio of my work to use as a tool for approaching galleries about my fine art. I've made portfolios on the past, but it was always the traditional print in a plastic sleeve type. Although they look just fine, I was never crazy about the cheap plastic covering my beautiful photographs. So, with all the companies now offering reasonably priced custom photo books, I decided that would be a better way to go.

Adorama vs Blurb Photo Books

This post is a review of 2 different services I tried: Blurb and Adorama. There are tons more options out there for photo books, but Blurb is a big hitter and Adorama has a unique style. The review here is a realistic critique of the products themselves. I'll be looking at color accuracy and reproduction, quality of materials and general presentation. I won't be touching on all the different options these companies offer because that's all information you can find on their websites. I also won't really address each company's design software or available templates, because I created the pages and covers for my books with a simple design using Adobe Photoshop. The idea with these books was to showcase the images in a clean, simple, effective layout free of the typical clutter that comes with fancy borders and text. I'm also just not a big fan of templates because a template means someone else has a book that looks almost exactly like yours. I wanted mine to be unique.

Color Reproduction
Winner: Adorama 

Most important to me in a photo book is accurate color reproduction. After all, the book is all about showcasing your images, so if the images don't look perfect, then what's the point? And as far as color reproduction goes, Adorama is the clear winner.

Blurb and many other big photo book companies utilize a printing process called offset printing. The ins and outs of offset printing aren't necessary to know, but it is important to understand that it utilizes CMYK inks, or Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black inks. This process is also common with printers of business cards, brochures, etc.

Adorama books, on the other hand, utilize the same printing process for printing digital photos, which utilizes an RGB color space, or Red, Green and Blue.

Why does that matter?

Well, your camera records in RGB, your computer monitor displays colors with RGB and your image editing program uses an RGB color space. Basically, your pictures revolve around the RGB color space. So if you then utilize a CMYK printing process to print your images, colors won't translate perfectly.

In my experience, printing my RGB photos with a CMYK printing process, results in colors that are just a little bit off. The shift seems to be most obvious with reds, greens and blues (how about that!). This inconsistency was no different with Blurb's CMYK process. To put it simply: the colors of my pictures looked spot-on with Adorama, and just a bit off with Blurb. Since Adorama uses RGB, colors were accurate to my RGB images.

Blurb Photo Book Review

It's difficult to reproduce here, but the Blurb book's colors (above) are just slightly off. The Adorama book (below) has excellent color reproduction.

Adorama Photo Book Review

Take Adorama's RGB printing and couple it with my perfectly color-calibrated monitor, and the result is pictures that perfectly match my monitor.

Print Quality
Winner: Adorama 

Second only to color reproduction is image sharpness and general print quality. Once again, Adorama wins out by a wide margin.

With the Blurb book, all the pictures looked grainy and lacking in sharpness. Areas of the images that were supposed to be smooth tones (like clear skies) had noticeable grain and "banding" - that's where you can see repeating little lines traversing the entire image. It wasn't a high-ISO graininess because most of the shots were taken at ISO 100. Also, the graininess was gone on the Adorama book. This graininess in the Blurb book is actually from all the little droplets of ink on the paper used in the printing process. It looks like a low-resolution image blown up too much.

The Adorama, book, though, had excellent gradients and edges with very good sharpness. As it says on the Adorama website, "All pages are printed on real photographic silver-halide paper with a lustre finish, bright saturated colors and excellent flash-tones. You just can’t get all this in press print books." This is no BS. The images in my Adorama book had much better saturation than Blurb. Contrast was far superior and blacks were deeper.

Blurb Photo Book Review

Close-up of Blurb book (above) and Adorama book (below). Notice the pattern of the ink droplets in the Blurb book.

Adorama Photo Book Review


Blurb Photo Book Review

Close-up of Blurb book (above) and Adorama book (below). Notice the difference in detail.

Adorama Photo Book Review

Paper and Binding
Winner: Adorama 

This is where it gets a little bit apples and oranges because I ordered 8x8 and 10x10 hard covers from Adorama and an 8x10 soft cover from Blurb. But let's start with the quality of the covers.

Blurb's soft cover is high gloss and looks horrible. Excuse my bluntness, but it's true. The Blurb book arrived with a bunch of a hairline scratches all over the cover. You know those little spider-web-looking scratches you see in black cars that haven't been waxed? That's what it looks like. Also, it's a big magnet for fingerprints. You handle this thing just a little bit and it looks beat to hell.

Blurb Photo Book ReviewThe Blurb cover gets beat up and scratched pretty quickly.

The Adorama book isn't perfect in the cover department, but it's leaps and bounds above Blurb. The lustre finish is much more resistant to scratches and finger prints. It's easily wiped clean, too, if you do get some finger prints on it. My only gripe with the Adorama cover is that the binding starts to crease after it has been opened a lot. No biggie and that's just the nature of using a book, but the cracking along the edge of the cover makes it look a little beat up.

Adorama Photo Book ReviewA crease will form on the cover along the binding of the Adorama book after you've opened it a few times.

The pages on the Adorama book are thick and don't crease easily, which is nice. They feel as though you took two digital prints and glued them together back-to-back. That's about the thickness you get. Gives it a nice, professional feel.

The Blurb pages are thinner more like a traditional book. Some may prefer the flexibility of these thinner pages, but not me.

Winner: Adorama 

One huge gripe I have with Blurb is that unless you want to pay an extra fee, the Blurb logo will be stamped on the title page and last page of your book. You'll have to shell out a few extra nickels if you don't want your book to look like an advertisement for Blurb.

Blurb Photo Book Review Want these Blurb logos off your book? It'll cost ya...
Blurb Photo Book Review

A great feature on the Adorama books is the lay-flat pages. Facing pages are essentially seamless and don't have a deep crease in it for the binding. This means you can lay a book out flat without the need to hold it open, like with the Blurb book. Plus, you can do 2-page spreads with no interruption in the image. This is great for panoramas. Try doing this on a Blurb book and you'll lose the center of the image in the deep crease of the binding.

Adorama Photo Book ReviewThe lay-flat pages of Adorama's photo books requires no holding it open.

Blurb Photo Book ReviewThe traditional binding of Blurb's photo books don't lay flat.

Adorama Photo Book ReviewLay-flat pages are great for 2-page spreads.

I'm not going to comment much on price for these books because they aren't far off and the superior quality of the Adorama books kind of makes it a moot point. Adorama seems to run a lot of sales, though, which is cool. Check out Blurb's prices here and Adorama's prices here.

Customer Service
Winner: Tie 

I didn't have any customer service issues with Adorama, so I can only comment on the fact that the order came through without a hitch. It was relatively quick, they sent me a tracking number and it's pretty much as you'd expect from Adorama. I did have to ask them one technical question on the print DPI before I ordered (which is 300, by the way), and they were very quick to respond with a clear answer.

I do have to say that Blurb has excellent customer service. I actually ordered 2 identical 8x10 books from Blurb. On the first one, the print quality was horrible, which turned out to be an error on my files. But when I contacted Blurb to figure out what happened, the woman who helped me was very knowledgeable and very quick to remedy the situation. I didn't have to wait a long time for an answer, I didn't have to talk to someone overseas and she readily gave me a full credit so I could order a replacement with the proper files. It was my fault, but they still sent me a free replacement. Can't beat that kind of customer service.


The Adorama book trumped the Blurb book in nearly every aspect, but especially in the most important aspects: color reproduction and print quality. When you really boil it down, Blurb is using a printing process more suitable for large-volume posters, brochures, business cards, letterhead, etc. etc. But Adorama is creating actual photographic prints that they have ingeniously compiled into a hand-crafted free-standing book. With Adorama, you get photos. With Blurb, you get a brochure.

Adorama vs Blurb Photo Books

So head on over to Adorama and get your first book ordered! Oh, and feel free to drop my name as your referral 😉

(By the way, I'm in no way affiliated with Adorama and they did not solicit this review - this was all me)


Image Stabilization Video

Ever wonder how Image Stabilization works inside your Canon or Nikon lens? Check out this interesting video.

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